By Mario Carpo
The self-discipline of structure depends upon the transmission in house and time of amassed reviews, techniques, principles, and types. From the discovery of the alphabet to the improvement of ASCII code for digital verbal exchange, the method of recording and transmitting this physique of data has mirrored the dominant details applied sciences of every interval. during this publication Mario Carpo discusses the communications media utilized by Western architects, from classical antiquity to trendy classicism, displaying how each one medium with regards to particular kinds of architectural pondering. Carpo highlights the importance of the discovery of movable kind and robotically reproduced photos. He argues that Renaissance architectural idea, really the process of the 5 architectural orders, was once consciously built in keeping with the codecs and power of the hot published media. Carpo contrasts structure within the age of printing with what preceded it: Vitruvian conception and the manuscript layout, oral transmission within the heart a long time, and the fifteenth-century transition from script to print. He additionally means that the elemental rules of "typographic" structure thrived within the Western international so long as print remained our major details expertise. The shift from revealed to electronic representations, he issues out, will back adjust the process structure.
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Additional resources for Architecture in the Age of Printing: Orality, Writing, Typography, and Printed Images in the History of Architectural Theory
Goujon’s photographs illustrate those proportions precisely, whereas Serlio’s recognized desk within the Fourth ebook of 1537 (see ﬁg. four. 2) is vague: not one of the columns respects the proportions spelled out within the textual content. The Ionic and Composite columns, particularly, are too brief. (The illustrations of the orders within the 1544 and 1552 variations of Philandrier’s “Digression,” likewise, don't correspond to the proportions given within the textual content; see ﬁgs. four. four and five. 2. ) ninety four. Martin, “Advertissement aux lecteurs,” and commitment “Au Roy” [Henri II], in Vitruvius, structure ou artwork de bien bastir, f. Aii. ninety five. In his statement, appended to the textual content, Jean Goujon cites “un messire Sebastien Serlio, lequel a assez diligemment escrit et ﬁguré beaucoup de choses selon l. a. règle de Vitruve,” yet provides: “toutefois j’en connais plusieurs autres qui sont capables de ce faire. ” in keeping with Goujon, one among his illustrations of the Doric capital was once “communiquée” to Serlio for critique: “Ian Gouion studieux d’architecture aux lecteurs,” in Vitruvius, structure ou artwork de bien bastir, Diiij. it sounds as if Martin didn't have a simple time of it, negotiating among architects who didn't get alongside. Goujon’s references to Serlio are mentioned via Pierre du Colombier, “Jean Goujon et le Vitruve de 1547,” Gazette des Beaux Arts seventy three (1931): 172, 176. In either instances the that means has been altered and the citations are incomplete. ninety six. Martin’s obituary and a ﬁrst bibliography of his works seem within the commitment to Henri II via Denis Sauvage in L’architecture et artwork de Bien Bastir du Seigneur Leon Baptiste Albert, Gentilhomme Florentin, divisée en dix livres, traduicts de Latin en François, par deffunct Ian Martin [. . . ] (Paris: Kerver, 1553). ninety seven. Martin within the appendix to the “Déclaration des noms propres et mots difﬁciles contenus en Vitruve,” in Vitruvius, structure ou artwork de bien bastir, no web page quantity. ninety eight. Martin, “Advertissment aux lecteurs,” in Vitruvius, structure ou paintings de bien bastir, Aii: | | a hundred seventy five | Notes to bankruptcy four | | 176 | a souventes fois convenu que ie me soye faict los angeles voye par le moyen de l. a. raison, ioincte a l’usage du compas, et pratique de purtraicture, dont iay currenté les choses aux ouvriers teles que ie les concevoye en fantasie aﬁn den avoir leur iugement avec los angeles proprieté des termes de leur ars correspondans aux antiques, en quoy du most desirable coup long island sans grans fraiz ils ne mont satisfaict, mais si ie neusse use de tele industrie ie perdoie et mon temps et ma peine, raison dequoy pour ne me monstrer ingrat en leur endroict, ie leur ay faict une assertion des noms propres et termes difﬁciles contenuz en cest Autheur. See Carpo, “La traduction française du De re aediﬁcatoria,” notes ninety four and ninety seven. ninety nine. Vitruvius, structure ou artwork de bien bastir, books III and IV. In his description of the “athénienne” (Attic) base, Martin mentions: “nasselle [. . . ], que les grecs nomment scotia ou trochilos,” 36. See M. Cagnon and S. Smith, “Le vocabulaire de l’architecture en France de 1500 à 1550,” Cahiers de Lexicologie XVIII (1971): 89–108 and XIX (1971): 94–108, specifically half 1, 95–97: “registre des termes architecturaux anciens encore employés de 1500 à 1550”; E.