Download E-books Immunity: How Elie Metchnikoff Changed the Course of Modern Medicine PDF

Around Christmas of 1882, whereas peering via a microscope at starfish larvae within which he had inserted tiny thorns, Russian zoologist Elie Metchnikoff had an excellent perception: what if the cellular cells he observed amassing round the thorns have been not anything yet a therapeutic strength in motion? Metchnikoff’s bold conception of immunity—that voracious cells he known as phagocytes shaped the 1st defensive position opposed to invading bacteria—would ultimately earn the scientist a Nobel Prize, shared together with his archrival, in addition to the unofficial m oniker “Father of traditional Immunity.” yet first he needed to win over skeptics, specially those that known as his idea “an oriental fairy tale.”

utilizing formerly inaccessible archival fabrics, writer Luba Vikhanski chronicles Metchnikoff’s striking lifestyles and discoveries within the first moder n biography of this hero of medication. Metchnikoff was once a towering determine within the clinical group of the early 20th century, a tireless humanitarian who, whereas operating on the Pasteur Institute in Paris, additionally strived to cut down the unfold of cholera, syphilis, and different lethal illnesses. In his later years, he startled the area with arguable theories on durability, launching an international craze for yogurt, and pioneered study into intestine microbes and getting older. although Metchnikoff used to be principally forgotten for almost 100 years, Vikhanski records a amazing revival of curiosity in his rules on immunity and at the intestine vegetation within the technological know-how of the twenty-first century.

Show description

Read or Download Immunity: How Elie Metchnikoff Changed the Course of Modern Medicine PDF

Best Biography books

Daphne Du Maurier and Her Sisters: The Hidden Lives of Piffy, Bird and Bing

Celebrated novelist Daphne Du Maurier and her sisters, eclipsed through her reputation, are printed in all their striking complexity during this riveting new biography. the center sister in a well-known creative dynasty, Daphne du Maurier is likely one of the grasp storytellers of our time, writer of 'Rebecca', 'Jamaica resort' and 'My Cousin Rachel', and brief tales, 'Don't glance Now' and the terrifying 'The Birds' between many.

Caravaggio: Painter of Miracles (Eminent Lives)

“Matching beautiful prose to wonderful artistic endeavors, Prose responds to every photograph as a second of theatrical revelation, sensual or non secular, and often either. ” — Boston Sunday Globe In Caravaggio, long island occasions bestselling writer Francine Prose (Goldengrove, studying like a author) bargains a charming account of the existence and paintings of 1 of the best painters of all time.

She-Wolves: The Women Who Ruled England Before Elizabeth

“Helen Castor has a thrilling narrative gift. . . . Readers will love this ebook, discovering it utterly soaking up and worthwhile. ” —Hilary Mantel, Booker Prize-winning writer of Wolf Hall In the culture of Antonia Fraser, David Starkey, and Alison Weir, prize-winning historian Helen Castor can provide a compelling, eye-opening exam of ladies and gear in England, witnessed during the lives of six ladies who exercised strength opposed to all odds—and person who by no means acquired the opportunity.

Extra info for Immunity: How Elie Metchnikoff Changed the Course of Modern Medicine

Show sample text content

214 forty  Rational Worldview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 forty-one  The final conflict . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 forty two  a real Benefactor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 forty three  Olga’s Crime. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 forty four  Vanishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd eight 15/01/2016 19:31:29 V  Legacy forty five  Metchnikoff’s existence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 forty six  Metchnikoff’s Policemen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 forty seven  final Closure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 forty eight  residing to one hundred fifty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd nine 15/01/2016 19:31:29 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd 10 15/01/2016 19:31:29 A word approximately NAMES many of the names Ilya Ilyich Metchnikoff used outdoors his local Russia replicate the alterations humans unavoidably make while attaining out to international audiences or adapting themselves to new nations. whilst he released his papers out of the country, and later whilst he left Rus‑ sia, he replaced his first identify, Ilya, to that during which his namesake prophet—Elijah within the English-­speaking world—went in each one specific kingdom: Elias in Germany and Elie in France. He wrote his final identify in order that it might be stated as shut as attainable to the unique Russian: Mecznikow, Metschnikoff, and at last Metchnikoff, as spelled in France, the place he finally settled. Mechnikov, the traditional transliteration of his final identify, displays its Russian spelling yet no longer the pronunciation; the -­ov endings of Russian names sound extra like -­off. the various diversifications have sometimes led to an absence of consistency even inside a unmarried association. His Nobel Prize degree, for instance, states his identify as Elie Metchnikoff, however the reliable Nobel Prize web site lists him as Ilya Mechnikov. I discuss with him as Ilya in the course of his past years, but if writing approximately his later existence, I’ve selected to exploit the 1st and final names he finally followed open air Russia: Elie Metchnikoff. In France, his first identify is spelled Élie, yet in English-­language courses, it has constantly been spelled with no the extreme accessory, because it is during this e-book. 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd eleven 15/01/2016 19:31:29 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd 12 15/01/2016 19:31:29 I MY METCHNIKOFF 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd 1 15/01/2016 19:31:29 248926IEG_IMMUNITY_cs6_pc. indd 2 15/01/2016 19:31:29 1 REVERSAL OF FORTUNE On July 15, 1916, the elements in Paris was once overcast and oppressively humid. Bleak mild poured during the metal-­framed home windows of Louis Pasteur’s former condo upon gold-­patterned wallpaper, oriental rugs, and carved old furnishings. The museum-­like place of abode on the Pasteur Institute used to be choked with oil work, vases, statuettes, and different artistic endeavors Pasteur had acquired as presents from thankful admirers.

Rated 4.34 of 5 – based on 35 votes